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Glossary

Heritage

A person’s unique, inherited sense of family identity: the values, traditions, culture, and artifacts handed down by previous generations (85)

Heteropatriarchy

A colonial construct and concept that defines both masculinity and femininity in narrow and limiting ways in order to maintain a binary distinction between male and female, dominant and subordinate. (91)

Historical Fiction

The genre of literature, film, etc., comprising narratives that take place in the past and are characterized chiefly by an imaginative reconstruction of historical events and personages Period piece films are important to audiences because they convey information about the history of a particular culture during a specific time. Besides text books and personal research, period films are where people consume most of their knowledge about the past. Movies are visually digestible, entertaining, and familiar.  Even the best period films give limited amounts of historical insight, but this is where the landscape of our collective worldview tends to be shaped. (5)

Hobbs Test

Named for film maker and educator Johnnie Hobbs, this test measures whether a predominantly Black period film centers around racial issues and showcases the depth of the Black experience. The criteria are as follows:

(1) A fictitious period piece with a predominantly all-Black cast (at least 85-90%).

(2) There cannot be constant or looming reminders of racial oppression that hangs over the characters head. Racial tension, seeking racial equality, and acts of violence at the hands of white people isn’t the main focal point of the story. 

(3) No teaching or care-taking of a white person, a white family, or their white feelings.

(4) The story cannot be a biopic, remake, or retelling of previous work from an all-white cast. (5)

Homophobia

The fear and persecution of LGBTQIA+ people.  Rooted in a desire to maintain the heterosexual social order, which relies on oppressive gender roles. (45)

Citations

5. The Hobbs Test | Johnnie Hobbs

45. Homophobia | Colours of Resistance Archive

85. What Is Heritage? The Meaning of Cultural Identity • FamilySearch

91. The Anti-Violence Project Glossary

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The JJI Glossary defines terms that are necessary in discussing equity in the arts. This glossary is the result of countless hours of thoughtful research and innovation by our team.

© 2021 The Joy Jackson Initiative

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