The attitudes or stereotypes that affect our understanding, actions, and decisions in an unconscious way. These biases, which encompass both positive and negative evaluations or estimations of a person's nature, quality, or ability, are often activated involuntarily and without an individual’s awareness or intentional control. These biases live deep in the subconscious, and are different from known biases that individuals may choose to hide for the purposes of social and/or political correctness. Implicit biases are also not accessible through introspection and therefore must be corrected through training. (15)
Involvement and empowerment, where the inherent worth and dignity of all people are recognized. An inclusive university promotes and sustains a sense of belonging; it values and practices respect for the talents, beliefs, backgrounds, and ways of living of its members. (4)
An exclusive, typically small, group of people with a shared interest or identity (14)
A pattern of behavior used to establish power and control over another person through fear and intimidation, often including the threat or use of violence. The abuse can take several forms: physical, emotional, sexual, and economic as well as threats, stalking/surveillance, isolation, and intimidation.
The complex, cumulative way in which the effects of multiple forms of discrimination (such as racism, sexism, classism, etc.) combine, overlap, or intersect especially in the experiences of marginalized individuals or groups. The theory of intersectionality was introduced by legal scholar Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw in 1989. (82)(83)
An intimacy coordinator is a trained professional who advocates for what is best for a scene and what is best for the actors in the case of an intimate scene (which can be anything from a kiss, romantic grab, or simulated sex). (84)
83. Crenshaw, K., 1989. Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989(1), pp. 139-168.
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The JJI Glossary defines terms that are necessary in discussing equity in the arts. This glossary is the result of countless hours of thoughtful research and innovation by our team.