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The normalization of able-bodied persons resulting in the privilege of “normal ability” and the oppression and exclusion of people with disabilities at many levels in society.  Ableism involves both denying access to people with disabilities and exclusive attitudes of able-bodied persons.


The quality of being able to have access to someone or something. Especially for the Disabled community, this can include any of the following needs: physical access, access to communication, employment, education, and community access.

Accessories of Influence

Term coined by the BIPOC Living Document describing individuals who perpetuate (un/knowingly) standards of White Supremacy inside, outside, and around the institution

Roles include: Creative Staff / Team (Stage Management, Technicians, Designers), Community Engagement Staff, Teaching Artists, Volunteers, Donors, Actors, Patrons. (29)


The ways in which individuals and communities hold themselves to their goals and actions, and acknowledge the values and groups to which they are responsible.  Accountability requires visibility and transparency, commitment, and a sense of urgency.  Accountability is not always doing it right. Sometimes it’s really about what happens after it’s done wrong.

Affinity group

A group of people having a common interest or goal or acting together for a specific purpose. In the workplace, you may also refer to it by its more common corporate synonym, "employee resource group." (7)


A person of one social identity group who stands up in support of members of another group; typically a member of a dominant group standing beside member(s) of a group being discriminated against or treated unjustly regardless of our identity, benefit when any of us take steps toward eliminating prejudice and discrimination in our society.


Politically incorrect comments and covert structural and systemic racism which predetermines the socioeconomic status of Black people and is held in place by anti-Black policies, institutions, and ideologies that both strips Blackness of value, dehumanizes Black people, and systematically marginalizes Black people. Anti-Blackness is also the disregard for anti-Black institutions and policies. This disregard is the product of class, race, and/or gender privilege certain individuals experience due to anti-Black institutions and policies. (25)


Politically incorrect comments and covert structural and systemic racism which predetermines the socioeconomic status of Indigenous people and is held in place by anti-Indigenous policies, institutions, and ideologies that both strips Indigenousness of value, dehumanizing Indigenous people, and systematically marginalizes Indigenous people.  Anti-Indigenousness is also the disregard for anti-Indigenous institutions and policies. This disregard is the produce of class, race, and/or gender privilege certain individuals experience due to anti-Indigenous institutions and policies. (25)


A powerful collection of antiracist policies that lead to racial equity and are validated by antiracist ideas


Someone who is supporting policy that opposes racial inequity through specific daily actions or expressions of ideas that racial groups are all equals and none needs developing. Being an antiracist is not a permanent label and is dependent upon daily behavior. (17)(18)

Antiracist Idea

Any idea that suggests the racial groups are equals in all their apparent differences and that there is nothing right or wrong with any racial group. These ideas argue that racist policies are the cause of racial inequities. (18)

Antiracist policy

Any governing measure, law, rule procedure process regulation or guideline that produces or sustains racial equity between racial groups and creates equal opportunity for all racial groups (18)


A certain perception of Jews, which may be expressed as hatred toward Jews. Rhetorical and physical manifestations of Anti-Semitism are directed toward Jewish or non-Jewish individuals and/or their property, toward Jewish community institutions, and religious facilities. This may include prejudiced or stereotyped views as well as the marginalization and/or oppression of people who are Jewish based on the belief in stereotypes and myths about Jewish people and Judaism. Manifestations might include the targeting of the state of Israel, conceived as a Jewish collectivity, however, criticism of Israel similar to that leveled against any other country should not be conflated with Anti-Semitism.


A person who offers an argument in defense of something controversial


One who is expressing the racist idea that a racial group is culturally or behaviorally inferior and is supporting cultural or behavioral enrichment programs to develop that racial group (18)

Assimilationist Ideas

Ideas that are rooted in the notion that racial groups are culturally or behaviorally inferior but that this inferiority is temporary and the inferior races can become equal if they behave like the superior race and subscribe to their cultural practices

Assimilationist Policies

Policies and programs geared toward developing, civilizing, and integrating a racial group (18)


7. How to Start an Affinity Group in the Workplace

17. Racial Equity & Anti-Black Racism

18. How to be an Antiracist by Ibram X Kendi

25. Racial Equity & Anti-Black Racism

29. Action Plan — The Living Document

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The JJI Glossary defines terms that are necessary in discussing equity in the arts. This glossary is the result of countless hours of thoughtful research and innovation by our team.